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Demystifying EICRs: Compliance for London landlords

As a landlord in London, ensuring the safety and well-being of your tenants is paramount. One crucial aspect of this responsibility is compliance with Electrical Installation Condition Reports (EICRs).

These reports are designed to assess the safety and state of electrical installations within rental properties. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the importance of EICRs, the legal requirements for landlords, how to prepare for an inspection, and much more.

What is an EICR?

An Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) is a formal document produced following an assessment of the electrical installations within a property. The purpose of an EICR is to:

  • Ensure that electrical installations are safe to use.
  • Identify any potential hazards or defects.
  • Provide recommendations for necessary improvements or remedial work.

Only qualified electricians or contractors registered with an appropriate governing body, such as NICEIC or NAPIT, can conduct EICRs.

EICR rules for landlords

In London, landlords must adhere to specific legal requirements concerning EICRs. Here’s a detailed breakdown of these rules:

Inspection frequency

As of 1 July 2020, it became a legal requirement for all new tenancies in England to have an EICR conducted every five years. For existing tenancies, landlords must ensure an EICR is carried out before 1 April 2021 and then every five years thereafter.

Compliance deadlines

Landlords must provide a copy of the EICR to new tenants before they move in and to existing tenants within 28 days of the inspection. Additionally, landlords must submit a copy to the local authority within seven days if requested.

Consequences of non-compliance

Failure to comply with EICR regulations can result in serious consequences, including:

  • Fines of up to £30,000.
  • Legal action taken by tenants.
  • Potential invalidation of landlord insurance policies.

How to prepare for an EICR

Preparing for an EICR can make the process smoother and help ensure your property passes inspection. Here are some practical tips:

Checklist for Preparation

  1. Review previous EICRs: If available, review the last EICR to understand any recurring issues.
  2. Inspect electrical installations: Check sockets, switches, and wiring for visible signs of damage or wear.
  3. Professional maintenance: Consider having a qualified electrician conduct a pre-inspection check-up.
  4. Ensure easy access: Make sure all areas of the property are accessible for the inspector.

Common issues to address

  • Faulty wiring or outdated fuse boxes.
  • Damaged sockets or switches.
  • Overloaded circuits.
  • Lack of proper earthing and bonding.

Understanding the EICR Report

Once the EICR is completed, landlords will receive a detailed report. Here’s how to interpret the findings:

Common Codes Used

  • C1 – Danger Present: Immediate action required.
  • C2 – Potentially Dangerous: Urgent remedial work needed.
  • C3 – Improvement Recommended: Non-urgent improvement suggested.
  • FI – Further Investigation Required: More investigation needed to determine the issue.

Actions Based on Findings

  • C1 and C2 Codes: Must be addressed immediately to ensure tenant safety.
  • C3 Codes: While not mandatory, addressing these can prevent future issues.
  • FI Codes: Arrange for a more detailed inspection to resolve identified concerns.

The cost of an EICR

Understanding the financial aspects of EICRs is crucial for landlords. Here are some key points to consider:

Inspection costs

The cost of an EICR can vary depending on the size of the property and the complexity of the electrical installations.

Cost of repairs

If the EICR identifies necessary repairs, the costs can vary significantly based on the nature of the issues. Investing in regular maintenance can help mitigate these expenses.

Long-term benefits

Compliance with EICR regulations can lead to several long-term benefits, including:

  • Enhanced tenant safety and satisfaction.
  • Reduced risk of electrical fires.
  • Potentially lower insurance premiums.


In summary, EICRs are an essential component of property management for landlords in London. Ensuring compliance not only protects your tenants but also safeguards your investment. By understanding the rules, preparing effectively, and addressing any necessary repairs, you can maintain a safe and attractive rental property.

At Letio, we understand the complexities of property management and aim to make the process as seamless as possible. Our platform offers innovative solutions for landlords, from tenant connections to compliance guidance. For more information about how we can help you improve the letting experience, book a meeting today!


1. What is an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) and why is it important for landlords in London?

An Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) is a formal document created after a thorough assessment of a property’s electrical installations. It is crucial for landlords because it ensures the safety of tenants by identifying any potential electrical hazards or defects. Compliance with EICR regulations is mandatory in London, helping landlords maintain safe living conditions, avoid legal issues, and potentially lower insurance premiums.

2. What are the legal requirements for landlords regarding EICRs in London?

In London, landlords are required to conduct an EICR every five years. For new tenancies from 1 July 2020 onwards, an EICR must be completed before tenants move in. For existing tenancies, an EICR must be carried out by 1 April 2021 and every five years thereafter. Landlords must provide a copy of the EICR to new tenants before they move in, to existing tenants within 28 days of the inspection, and to the local authority within seven days if requested. Failure to comply can result in fines up to £30,000 and other legal consequences.

3. How can landlords prepare for an EICR inspection?

To prepare for an EICR inspection, landlords should:

  • Review previous EICRs to identify recurring issues.
  • Inspect electrical installations, such as sockets, switches, and wiring, for visible damage or wear.
  • Consider having a qualified electrician perform a pre-inspection check-up.
  • Ensure all areas of the property are accessible for the inspector. Common issues to address include faulty wiring, outdated fuse boxes, damaged sockets or switches, overloaded circuits, and improper earthing and bonding. Being proactive in addressing these issues can help ensure the property passes the EICR inspection smoothly.

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